The applicant is notified in writing of the examiner’s decision by an
Office “action” which is normally mailed to the attorney or agent of record.
The reasons for any adverse action or any objection or requirement are stated in
the Office action and such information or references are given as may be useful
in aiding the applicant to judge the propriety of continuing the prosecution of
If the claimed invention is not directed to patentable subject matter, the
claims will be rejected. If the examiner finds that the claimed invention lacks
novelty or differs only in an obvious manner from what is found in the prior
art, the claims may also be rejected. It is not uncommon for some or all of the
claims to be rejected on the first Office action by the examiner; relatively few
applications are allowed as filed.